The Sarasvati Sindhu Civilization Class 6 History Chapter 1 Question Answer – Our Bharat I HBSE Solution

Class 6 History Haryana Board Solution for chapter 1 The Sarasvati Sindhu Civilization Question Answer for Haryana board. CCL Chapter Provide Class 1th to 12th all Subjects Solution With Notes, Question Answer, Summary and Important Questions. Class 6 History mcq, summary, Important Question Answer, Textual Question Answer in English are available of  Our Bharat I Book for HBSE.

HBSE Class 6 History The Sarasvati Sindhu Civilization Question Answer for Haryana Board of chapter 1 in Our Bharat 1 Solution.

The Sarasvati Sindhu Civilization Class 6 History Chapter 1 Question Answer

1. Harappa was excavated under the leadership of Dayaram Sahni in …….. .
(a) 1922 AD
(b) 1923 AD
(c) 1921 AD
(d) 1920 AD

Answer – (c) 1921 AD

2. B.C. Means _______.
(a) Before Christ
(b) Before common
(c) Between common
(d) None of these
Answer – (a) Before Christ

3. Which of the following was not worshipped in the Harappan culture?
(a) Shiva
(b) Vishnu
(c) Peepal
(d) Mother Goddess
Answer – (b) Vishnu

4. Precious stones were imported from Gujarat, Iran and _______.
(a) Pakistan
(b) Afghanistan
(c) Bhutan
(d) Nepal
Answer – (b) Afghanistan

Fill in the blanks:

1. The powder of sand and crystal stones is mixed with gum and ________ is prepared.

2. By mixing copper and tin, ________ is prepared.

3. Most of the towns in the excavation have been found in the ________ river valley.

4. ________ were the parts of urban settlements.

5. ________ and ________ are the remains found in the excavation of towns.

Answer – 1. Faience, 2. Bronze, 3. Sarasvati, 4. two, 5. Harappa, Mohenjodaro

Match correctly:

1. Copper

2. gold

3. tin

4. Precious Stones

(a) Gujarat

(b) Afghanistan

(c) Rajasthan

(d) Karnataka

Answer – 

1. Copper

2. gold

3. tin

4. Precious Stones

(c) Rajasthan

(d) Karnataka

(b) Afghanistan

(a) Gujarat


Mark true (✓) or false (x) in the following statements :

  1. In Sarasvati-Sindhu Civilization, farming was done with the help of bullocks and camels. (✓)
  2. Many of the beads were made from carnelian stones. (✓)
  3. The remains of a port have been found in Dholavira, which proved that there was trade with foreign countries also.  (x)
  4. The most extensive place of Sarasvati-Sindhu Civilization is in Rakhigarhi Gurugram.  (x)

Short question:

Question 1. Where have the remains of the Sarasvati-Sindhu Valley Civilization been found?

Answer – Sarasvati Remains of Indus civilization have been found from many places –

  • Harappa
  • mohenjodaro
  • Lothal
  • Kalibanga
  • Chanhudaro
  • Mitathaal
  • Banawali
  • Rakhigarhi

Question 2. What is the relationship of rivers with civilization ?

Answer: The area of ​​rivers is very fertile. Due to good agriculture, many civilizations settled near the banks of rivers. Due to which they did not have to wander for facilities like grains to eat and water to drink. Sarasvati Indus Civilization is also one such civilization.

Question 3. How did people come to know about the towns of the Sindhu Valley ?

Answer:  Harappa was seen for the first time then. When blocks were needed to lay the railway line there, the workers picked up brick blocks from a nearby mound and then for the first time this place came under the notice of the British officials. In 1921 AD, Harappa was excavated on the banks of the Ravi river under the leadership of Dayaram Sahni and the remains of a huge city were discovered. In 1922, under the leadership of Rakhaldas Banerjee, similar remains were recovered from Mohenjodaro on the banks of the Indus River.

Question 4. What were the means of recreation of the people of Sindhu Civilization?

Answer – People of this civilization used to play chess and Chaupar. During the excavation we have found chess and chaupar dice. Apart from this, small children’s toys made of clay have also been found.

Question 5. What was the size of Harappan seals and why were they needed ?

Answer: The people of Harappa used to make seals of alabaster. Most of the pieces are rectangular with images of animals. Seals would have been used to mark containers filled with goods being sent from one place to another. For sealing the boxes, items like lac etc. would be used and these seals would be imprinted. Due to this, if someone tampers with the item, the impression would be broken.

Let’s think over :

Question 1. From which areas did the raw materials for production in the Sindhu Valley Civilization come from ?

Answer – Sarasvati used to get raw materials for production from different areas in the Indus Valley civilization. Copper was imported from Rajasthan and the western country Oman. Tin, mixed with copper to make bronze, was imported from modern Iran and Afghanistan. Gold was imported from modern Karnataka and precious stones from Gujarat, Iran and Afghanistan.

Question 2. Analyze the Harappan town construction plan of the remains of the Sarasvati-Sindhu Civilization.

Answer – We have found the remains of cities of Sarasvati Indus Civilization in two parts. The western part was smaller but was built on height. It has been called Durg area (Nagardurg). The eastern part was larger and included the lower city. In most of the ancient sites, both parts were surrounded by a boundary wall which was made of baked bricks. The roads of this civilization were 13 feet to 33 feet wide. And the width of the streets was 9 to 12 feet. The roads intersected each other at right angles.

Question 3. On what grounds can it be said that cloth was used in Harappan civilization?

Answer: Remains of some pieces of cloth have been recovered from Mohenjodaro. Spindles made of baked clay and faience indicate yarn spinning. Cotton was cultivated in Mehargarh about 7000 years ago. On the basis of all these facts, we can say that clothes were used in Sarasvati Indus civilization.

Question 4. Comment on the important occupations of the Harappans ‘Agriculture’ and ‘Animal Husbandry’ .

Answer: The people living in the villages of this civilization used to do agriculture. These people grew wheat, barley, pulses, peas, paddy, sesame and mustard. Agriculture was done with plow with the help of oxen and camels. Used to irrigate fields from rivers and ponds. The people here reared animals like camel, bull, cow, buffalo, sheep, goat, duck, rabbit, deer, cock, parrot and elephant etc.

Question 5. According to historians, what is the reason for the destruction of Harappan civilization?

Answer:  Not one but many reasons may have been responsible for the decline of this civilization. Some major reasons for decline are written below:-

  1. Administrative laxity – Due to limited size of the settlement and lack of cleanliness, this civilization ended.
  2. Climate change – They declined due to less rainfall and drying up of the water of Sarasvati river.
  3. Flood – Evidence of flood has also been found in the excavations of Mohenjodaro, Chanhudaro, Lothal and Bhagatrao. This can also be the cause of collapse.
  4. Stagnation in foreign trade – Due to decline in foreign trade of this civilization, the economic structure became weak. Due to which the demand for local production instead of valuable goods increased and the standard of living of the people declined drastically.
  5. Epidemic – A study of 42 human skeletons recovered from Mohenjodaro revealed that 41 of them had died of malaria. This could also be the reason for the decline of this civilization.


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